Appreciative inquiry is a qualitative approach to strategy formation that emphasizes discussion and participation. This approach encourages organizations to focus on positive aspects of the supersystem, such as the best practices, rather than on fixing problems. The original appreciative inquiry involves four phases: Discover (collect and share common and differing capacities of the stakeholders), dream (envision the image of possibility/better world), design (discuss what needs to be done, institutionalize the vision), and delivery (inspire action). The focus on the positive encourages more active engagement in the planning process from employees at all levels, while it still addresses potential weaknesses, which are framed in terms of ways to make things even better, rather than problems.